How to Install and Configure Nextcloud on Ubuntu

Nextcloud is a free, open-source, and most widely used file share and collaboration platform that allows you to host your own private cloud for documents, photos, etc. This guide will demonstrate how to install this on your very own Ubuntu server


  • Server with Ubuntu installed
  • A valid domain name pointed with your server IP

Step 1 – Prepare your Server

Log into the server as root, run the following command to update your base system with the latest available packages.

apt-get update -y

Step 2 – Configure Ubuntu as a LAMP Server

Nextcloud requires a LAMP stack to run. LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP.

Run the following command to install:

apt-get install apache2 mariadb-server libapache2-mod-php php php-gmp php-bcmath php-gd php-json php-mysql php-curl php-mbstring php-intl php-imagick php-xml php-zip bzip2 -y

Once all the packages are installed, edit the php.ini file and change these values.

nano /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini

Change the following lines:

memory_limit = 512M

date.timezone = Europe/London

Save and close the file when you are finished. Then, restart the Apache service to apply the changes:

systemctl restart apache2

Step 3 – Create a Nextcloud Database

NextCloud uses MariaDB for all data storage. Lets configure MariaDB.


create a database and user with the following command:

create database nextclouddb;
grant all on nextclouddb.* to 'nextcloud'@'localhost' identified by 'mysupersafepassword';

Next, flush the privileges and exit:

flush privileges;

Step 4 – Download and Install NextCloud

NextCloud is available from the following page, at the time of writing the latest version was :


Now Extract Nextcloud:

tar -jxvf nextcloud-23.0.1.tar.bz2

Now move folder to the Apache web root directory

mv nextcloud /var/www/html/

Fix the permissions so the apache service can read the directory

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud
chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/nextcloud

Once you are done, you can proceed to configure the Apache server.

Step 5 – Configure Apache for Nextcloud

Next, you will need to create an Apache virtual host configuration file to serve Nextcloud.

You can create it with the following command:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/nextcloud"

        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/nextcloud.error
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/nextcloud.access combined

        <Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud/>
            Require all granted
            Options FollowSymlinks MultiViews
            AllowOverride All

           <IfModule mod_dav.c>
               Dav off

        SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
        SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
        Satisfy Any



Now enable the Apache virtual host plugin

a2ensite nextcloud.conf
a2enmod rewrite headers env dir mime setenvif ssl
systemctl reload apache2

Step 6 – Point your DNS at your Server

I use Cloudflare for my DNS, update your domain DNS to point at this server.

Now, open your web browser and access the Nextcloud using the URL, my example is You should see the following page:

Create your own admin account password and make sure you scroll down and add the database settings we configured in step 3.

Next Steps

Next you will want to get content into Nextcloud. This can be done via Windows, Linux or Mobile. Simply download the client from the nextcloud website and can start sharing your files.

Elsewhere On TurboGeek:  Understanding Red Hat File System Permissions


Richard Bailey, a seasoned tech enthusiast, combines a passion for innovation with a knack for simplifying complex concepts. With over a decade in the industry, he's pioneered transformative solutions, blending creativity with technical prowess. An avid writer, Richard's articles resonate with readers, offering insightful perspectives that bridge the gap between technology and everyday life. His commitment to excellence and tireless pursuit of knowledge continues to inspire and shape the tech landscape.

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