Google Cloud Shell

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Google Cloud Shell is a command line interface to integrate you with the google cloud experience. It is available in a number of versions for Windows, Linux and in browser.

Cloud Shell is a temporary Compute Engine VM which comes with 5GB of persistent disk storage ($home dir). It comes installed with a number of applications such as Cloud SDK, Java, phython etc.

Gcloud commands are broken up into the following :

gCloud | Service | Resource | Verb

There are some important concepts to remember:

  • Cloud shell is tied to the account, not the project
  • Server is not persistent
  • Resources in $home are available after reboot, but all other resoruces or preemptive
  • Cloud Shell can response to JSON API requests
  • APIs can be queried with the API Explorer (Swagger)
  • Temporary Compute Engine VM
  • Command-line access to the instance via a browser
  • 5 GB of persistent disk storage ($HOME dir)
  • Pre-installed Cloud SDK and other tools
  • gcloud: for working with Google Compute Engine and many GCP services
  • gsutil: for working with Cloud Storage
  • kubectl: for working with Google Container Engine and Kubernetes
  • bq: for working with BigQuery
  • Language support for Java, Go, Python, Node.js, PHP, and Ruby
  • Web preview functionality
  • Built-in authorization for access to resources and instances

After 1 hour of inactivity, the Cloud Shell instance is recycled. Only the /home directory persists. Any changes made to the system configuration, including environment variables, are lost between sessions.

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