RHCSA: How to use Red Hat as a virtual machine host

This is part 5 of the learning Red Hat series on my blog. If you use RHEL 7 or RHEL 8, did you know that you can use it as a virtual machine host – straight out of the box. This works on Centos 7 / 8 as well.

RHEL7/8 can be used as a virtual machine host.

There are a number of prerequistes needed to create a VM host.

First you need to check your CPU supports virtualization

 grep -E '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo 

If this returns a value your CPU is compatable, if this command returns nothing then your CPU doesnt support Virtual Instructions. Note that you may need to enable this feature on your system BIOS – look for VT-x or AMD-V

The following system software is needed – here are the Pre-reqs:

  • qemu-kvm
  • python-virtinst
  • libvirt
  • libvirt-python
  • virt-manager
  • libguestfs-tools
  • virt-install
  • qemu-img
  • Libvirt-client

These can be installed using yum. Here is the command you need:

redhat/centos

yum install qemu-kvm python-virtinst libvirt libvirt-python virt-manager libguestfs-tools virt-install qemu-img Libvirt-client -y

Enable Libvertd daemon

Systemctl enable libvirtd
Systemctl start libvirtd

Next you will need to configure the network

echo "net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1" | tee /etc/sysctl.conf# sysctl -p 

Running Virt Manager in the GUI

Virtual Machine manager is a GUI application, using GNOME is the easiest way to get it working, otherwise you will need to configure X11 forwarding on your putty session.

Type Virt-install command line

virt-install \
--name centos7 \
--ram 1024 \
--disk
path=/path/to/disk.qcow2,size=8 \
--vcpus 1 \
--os-type linux \
--network bridge=virbr0 \
--location /path/to/linux.iso \
--extra-args 'console=ttyS0’

The above code will create a centos7 server with 1GB ram, 1 CPU and 8GB Hard disk

Running Virt Manager on the command line

You can use the virsh command to manually edit virtual machines.

  • help
  • list
  • dumpxml
  • start
  • Destroy    [STOP]
  • reboot
  • suspend / resume
  • Undefine   [DELETE]
  • autostart

Virtual Machines dont start by default 

Its important to note that virsh does not start VMs automatically by default.

Here are some useful commands to work around this:

Virsh autostart servername

[email protected] ~]# virsh list –all

 Id    Name                           State

—————————————————-

 –     centos7.0                      shut off

 –     centos7.0-3                    shut off –     generic                        shut off

5 Ham

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Follow by Email
YouTube
YouTube
Instagram